Monday, July 1, 2013

Child Sex Crimes

Child Sex OffendersREBLOG! A South Australian computer technician who downloaded child pornography and frequented internet chatrooms in order to fulfil his impaired sexual fantasies about toddlers has been jailed for 3 years. 38 year old Steven John Bolbot, pleaded guilty to an aggravated count of possessing child pornography as well as two counts of producing child pornography.

The Adelaide District Court heard that South Australia Police officers searched Bolbot's home in February 2012, during the search they found Bolbot using an internet chatroom, they also discovered 2,280 chat logs - of Bolbot role-playing - and found 246 images of child pornography on hard drives in his possession.

The court heard Bolbot's social isolation and internet addiction led him to use chatrooms to explore his sexual fantasies about young children. It heard Bolbot was employed as a computer technician in 2009, He was however sacked as a result of the criminal charges.

Several researchers have reported correlations between paedophilia and certain psychological characteristics, such as low self-esteem and poor social skills. While we've spent quite a large amount of time outing paedophile behaviour - Paedophilia - there is a gathering body of evidence that describes this abominable behaviour as an illness. Cohen et al - 2002 - in studying 'Personality Impairment in Male Paedophiles' outlines a view of paedophiles as having impaired interpersonal functioning, elevated passive-aggressiveness, as well as  an impaired self-concept. According to the authors, pathologic personality traits in paedophiles lend support to a hypothesis that such pathology is related to both motivation for and failure to inhibit paedophilia behaviour ::
Child Sex Offenders
Judge Davison said Bolbot's intellectual capacity was categorised in the superior range, contradicting the usual lower IQs associated with paedophilia,  Mr Bolbot did however  struggled socially.

"You have few interests outside computers. You are a socially-isolated man and only have a few friends, friends who are also interested in computers," the judge said. "You told them about these charges and they have since deserted you. In addition you have lost your job at Adam Internet."

Complex Inappropriate Fantasies

On some of the charges, Bolbot's lawyers argued no real children had been involved in what were complex sexual fantasies acted out by adults.

There is currently no empirical suggestion that any form of therapy is able to cure paedophilia, Dr Fred Berlin, founder of the Johns Hopkins Sexual Disorders Clinic, believes that paedophilia could be successfully treated if the medical community would give it more attention. Castration, either physical or chemical, appears to be highly effective in removing such sexual impulses - where the offender is driven by the libido - however, this extreme method isn't recommended when the drive is an expression of anger or the need for power and control.

Chemical and surgical castration has been used in several European countries for the past five decades, Poland is now seeking to introduce chemical castration., in Eastern-European nations castration is applied as a sentence through law the courts.

Judge Davison said she accepted Bolbot's offences were at the lower end of the scale, but said the combination of Bolbot downloading images and acting on his fantasies through internet chatrooms were serious. The Judge also said the psychological profile of the offender revealed his personality was inconsistent with that of a paedophilic offender, so sex offender rehabilitation programs Bolbot wanted to participate in would be counterproductive.

"I accept the engagement in these chatrooms was amongst adults, but nevertheless it produced child pornography," the Judge said. "He (psychologist) suggests your rehabilitation would be better served by you addressing your social anxiety and developing normal human relationships rather than computer-based interactions," the judge said.

Judge Davison said Bolbot had shown genuine remorse for his behaviour and cooperated with police, but the serious nature of his offending warranted an immediate jail term.

"The courts need to send a message to the community that this sort of behaviour is abhorrent and won't be tolerated," she said. "I have viewed these images and the degradation and exploitation of these children is obvious and very disturbing. You have participated in this market and are partly responsible for the harm caused to these children."

The Judge imposed a three-year jail sentence with a non-parole period of 15 months, saying there was no good reason to suspend the sentence. Bolbot also pleaded guilty to breaching bail by using his sister's computer for internet access after his arrest and was convicted without further penalty.

RELATED! Australian Jailed in US for 40 years After Trafficking Adopted Son

An Australian man has been sentenced to 40 years in prison in the United States for trafficking his adopted son to a global paedophile network. The 42-year-old man was arrested in California last year and was found to be part of a global paedophile ring. Police say the man and his partner travelled the world with the child, allowing at least eight men in several different countries, including Australia, the US, Germany and France, to molest the boy when he was aged between just two and six years old.

Australian citizen Mark J. Newton and his long-term boyfriend Peter Truong stood before a US court, convicted of child-sex-crimes, their double lives exposed... Newton was sentenced to 40 years in prison for sexually abusing the boy he and Truong, 36 from Queensland, had ‘‘adopted’’ after paying a Russian woman $8000 to be their surrogate in 2005.
Police believe the pair had adopted the boy ‘‘for the sole purpose of exploitation’’. The abuse began just days after his birth and over six years the couple travelled the world, offering him up for sex with at least eight men, recording the abuse and uploading the footage to an international syndicate known as the Boy Lovers Network.
The child abuse was so horrific the judge refused to put the case to a jury. The man was handed the maximum sentence of 40 years' imprisonment on Saturday after he pleaded guilty to charges of possessing child pornography and sexual exploitation of a minor.
The boy's other Australian legal guardian is awaiting sentencing, while two other American men have also been charged. Police say the boy, now eight, had been living with the men in Cairns for several years when, in 2011, New Zealand authorities discovered that the boy had been used in child pornography.
Queensland police raided the couple's house in 2011, just after the men and the boy had left for the US. Police seized computers, electronic equipment and documents that uncovered high-definition video and images of child exploitation. The US judge only accepted a plea agreement for the 42-year-old because the evidence was too explicit for a jury to watch.
US prosecutors say at least two more boys were abused and Queensland Police say they are continuing their investigation. The young boy at the centre of the case remains in state care in the US.

Child Pornography Wiki

Child pornography is commonly collected by paedophiles who use the images for a variety of purposes, ranging from private sexual uses, trading with other pedophiles, preparing children for sexual abuse as part of the child grooming process, or enticement leading to entrapment for sexual exploitation such as production of new child pornography or child prostitution.[70][71][72]
Paedophile viewers of child pornography are often obsessive about collecting, organizing, categorizing, and labelling their child pornography collection according to age, gender, sex act and fantasy. According to retired FBI agent Ken Lanning, "collecting pornography does not mean that they merely view pornography, but that they save it," Mr Lanning said "it comes to define, fuel, and validate their most cherished sexual fantasies". Mr Lanning, an expert on crimes against children and former Special Agent assigned to the FBIs Behavioural Science Unit says "An extensive collection indicates a strong sexual preference for children and the owned collection is the single best indicator of what he or she wants to do."
Researchers Taylor and Quayle reported that pedophile collectors of child pornography are often involved in anonymous internet communities dedicated to extending their collections. Pedophile online community bulletin boards (such as the defunct Dreamboard, taken down in Operation Delego), often include technical advice regarding encryption and other measures from experienced child pornographers to assist new perpetrators from detection from law enforcement.

Prevalence in Population

The prevalence of paedophilia in the general population is unknown, In "Psychopathology and Personality Traits of Pedophiles" Lisa  J. Cohen and Igor Galynker estimate paedophilia to be lower than 5% among adult men. "Most sexual offenders against children are male, although female offenders may account for 0.4% to 4% of convicted sexual offenders. "On the basis of a range of published reports, it's estimated a 10 to 1 ratio of male-to-female child molesters." It's believed that the true number of female paedophiles is underrepresented by available estimates, and that reasons for this may include a "societal tendency to dismiss the negative impact of sexual relationships between young boys and adult women, as well as women’s greater access to very young children who cannot report their abuse", among other explanations.
The term paedophile is commonly used to describe all child sexual abuse offenders, including those who do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards, which is seen as problematic by researchers, as most distinguish between child molesters and paedophiles. A perpetrator of child sexual abuse is commonly assumed to be and referred to as a paedophile; however, there may be other motivations for the crime - such as stress, marital problems, or the unavailability of an adult partner. As child sexual abuse may or may not be an indicator that its perpetrator is a paedophile, offenders may be separated into two types: Exclusive "true paedophiles" and non-exclusive or, in some cases, "non-paedophilic". According to a U.S. study on 2429 adult male sex offenders who were categorized as "paedophiles", only 7% identified themselves as exclusive; indicating that many or most child sexual abusers may fall into the non-exclusive category.
However, the Mayo Clinic reports perpetrators who meet the diagnostic criteria for paedophilia offend more often than non-paedophile perpetrators, and with a greater number of victims. They state that approximately 95% of child sexual abuse incidents are committed by the 88% of child molestation offenders who meet the diagnostic criteria for paedophilia. A behavioural analysis report by the FBI states that a "high percentage of acquaintance child molesters are preferential sex offenders who have a true sexual preference for [prepubescent] children, true paedophiles.
A review article in the British Journal of Psychiatry notes the overlap between extrafamilial and intrafamilial offenders. One study found that around half of the fathers and stepfathers in its sample who were referred for committing extrafamilial abuse had also been abusing their own children.
As noted by Abel, Mittleman, and Becker (1985) and Ward et al. (1995), there are generally large distinctions between the two types of offenders' characteristics. Situational offenders tend to offend at times of stress; have a later onset of offending; have fewer, often familial victims; and have a general preference for adult partners. Pedophilic offenders, however, often start offending at an early age; often have a large number of victims who are frequently extrafamilial; are more inwardly driven to offend; and have values or beliefs that strongly support an offence lifestyle. Research suggests that incest offenders repeat at approximately half the rate of extrafamilial child molesters, and one study estimated that by the time of entry to treatment, nonincestuous paedophiles who molest boys had committed an average of 282 offences against 150 victims.
Some child molesters - paedophiles or not - threaten their victims to stop them from reporting their actions. Others, like those that often victimize children, can develop complex ways of getting access to children, like gaining the trust of a child's parent, trading children with other pedophiles or, infrequently, get foster children from non-industrialized nations or abduct child victims from strangers. Offending paedophiles may often act interested in the child, to gain the child's interest, loyalty and affection to keep the child from letting others know about the abuse.
In law and law enforcement, the term paedophile is sometimes used in a broad manner to encompass a person who commits one or more sexually-based crimes that relate to legally underage victims. These crimes may include child sexual abuse, statutory rape, offences involving child pornography, child grooming, stalking, and indecent exposure. One unit of the United Kingdom's Child Abuse Investigation Command is known as the "Paedophile Unit" and specializes in online investigations and enforcement work. Some forensic science texts use the term to refer to a class of psychological offender typologies that target child victims, even when such children are not the primary sexual interest of the offender.
While not causes of paedophilia themselves, childhood abuse by adults or comorbid psychiatric illnesses - such as personality disorders and substance abuse - are risk factors for acting on paedophilic urges. Blanchard, Cantor, and Robichaud (2006) noted about comorbid psychiatric illnesses that, "The theoretical implications are not so clear. Do particular genes or noxious factors in the prenatal environment predispose a male to develop both affective disorders and paedophilia, or do the frustration, danger, and isolation engendered by unacceptable sexual desires—or their occasional furtive satisfaction—lead to anxiety and despair?" They indicated that, because they previously found mothers of paedophiles to be more likely to have undergone psychiatric treatment, the genetic possibility is more likely...
source: abc
source: academy-group
source: wikipedia
source: googlebooks
source: psychiatrictimes
source: johnshopkins

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